How to Buy Shares in Nigeria – Investing in Nigeria for Beginners

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Have you ever wondered how you can take part in the stock market and make some money? Well, stop looking! Even if you are still in middle school, this article will show you how to buy shares in Nigeria. You’ll learn about the different kinds of investments you can make on the stock market, how to buy shares in Nigeria, and what you should think about before making an investment. By the end of this article, you’ll know more about how the stock market works and be ready to make your first investment. Let’s get started!

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Types of Stock Market Investment in Nigeria

When it comes to investing in the stock market in Nigeria, you have two main options: buying stocks directly or investing through a stock brokerage firm. Let’s look at each of these options in more depth.

Buy Stock Straight

For this type of investment, you buy shares from the company itself. In Nigeria, you can purchase shares in publicly traded companies without going through a stockbroker or investment firm.

Investing in stocks through brokerage firms

For this kind of investment, you hire a stockbroker to help you buy and sell stocks. A stockbroker is a licensed professional whose job is to help clients buy and sell stocks. In addition, they can help you make intelligent investment decisions and advise you about market conditions and trends.

When deciding what kind of stock market investment is right for you, consider your goals and how much you know. For example, a direct stock purchase could be a good choice if you know much about the stock market and the company you want to invest in. On the other hand, if you are new to investing or don’t have time to research the market, it might be better to go with the Investment through the Stockbrokerage Firms option.

No matter what kind of investment you choose, make sure you research and talk to a trusted financial advisor to make intelligent choices.

Examples of Shares You Can Buy in Nigeria

Real estate

A lot of people also put money into real estate. It is an excellent way to make money. In addition, investors who need more clarification about the stock market or want something real can diversify their money into real estate to diversify and make their portfolios more stable.

This does not mean you should never invest in stocks. On the contrary, stocks are still one of the best ways to save for retirement. But we are going to talk about something else.

Mutual funds

Mutual funds are a type of investment in which money from many investors is put together by a professional manager and put into stocks, bonds, cash, or other assets. Then, by pooling the money and buying stocks, bonds, and other securities directly, you can use them to invest.

Mutual funds are better than direct investing in some ways:

  • You can get professional management of your investments for a low price.
  • You can avoid the time-consuming task of determining what to buy (and when) (and when)
  • You get instant diversification

Company stocks & equity

A stock is a part of a company that you own. So when you buy a stock, you buy shares from the company and become a part-owner of the company.

When you buy stocks instead of bonds or other fixed-income securities, the value of your investment can go up or down depending on how well the company does. A stock’s price per share (or “stock price”) is its value. If you owned 1 million shares at $150 each, your total holdings would be worth $150 million even if no new investors bought or sold shares. That is why “equity” is another word for stocks.

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Fixed income and bonds

Bonds are loans to corporations and governments. The borrower sends the coupon regularly, usually every six months or once a year. Bonds have fixed interest rates and a specified date. For example, if you buy a 10-year bond for 4%, it will pay you 4% annually.

Bonds are suitable for investors who want steady returns over long periods of time. They are also ideal for diversifying portfolios because their value does not change much as stocks. However, when thinking about investing in bonds, keep in mind that long-term bonds are usually riskier than short-term bonds because there is more time for interest rates to change.


The raw materials that are used to make other goods are called commodities. Gold, oil, and corn are all examples of commodities.

Most of the time, commodities are bought and sold on markets called “futures.” The price of a good is based on how much of it is available and how many people want it. The more people who want it, the higher its price. A bad economy also lowers the value of a good because fewer people can buy it when times are bad.

Because commodities are so volatile, investing in them can be risky for some people (especially beginners). They are also very hard to trade because you have to wait for delivery when you buy stock. This means you have less say over when you sell your shares or contracts than you do with mutual funds or stocks, which you can trade at any time during market hours.

Cash and cash equivalents

Most people invest in cash and things that are like cash. For example, you can usually save money in a savings account, a money market fund, or a certificate of deposit (CD). These are considered safe investments because they won’t lose value as dramatically as stocks might.

The problem is that they need to earn more to make your money grow at a rate that is worth the time you spend on them. But there is good news: Even though these kinds of investments are not likely to make you rich quickly or in a big way (unless there is an unexpected stock market boom), they’re also not likely to lose their value quickly like stocks do (although this may vary depending on which financial institution holds them).

Exchange-traded funds

ETFs, exchange-traded funds, are mutual funds that you can trade like stocks. However, they have lower fees, more liquidity, and are easier to understand than the traditional method of buying a basket of stocks or bonds one at a time.

ETFs are like mutual funds in that they pool the money of many investors to buy stocks or bonds. During the day, the price of an ETF changes based on how many shares other traders buy and sell. This lets you decide quickly whether to buy or sell your holdings without having to talk to a real-life broker.

But this also means there is a risk since you could lose money if no one else wants to buy your shares at their current price, and you have to sell for less.

How to Buy Shares in Nigeria

Are you ready to buy and sell stocks on the Nigerian stock market? If you do these things, you will be on your way to becoming a successful Nigerian stock market investor. To buy shares on the Nigerian stock market, just follow these easy steps:

1. Choose a stockbroker you can trust

First, you need to find a stockbroker you can trust and who has a lot of experience. Then, you can ask your friends, family, or financial advisor about an excellent stockbroker, or you can do research online.

2. Set up an account with the Central Securities Clearing System (CSCS)

The clearing and settlement of trades on the Nigerian stock market are taken care of by the CSCS, which is a centralized system. To buy shares, you’ll need to open a CSCS account. This is something that your stockbroker can help you with.

3. Add money to your CSCS account

After you open your CSCS account, you’ll need to put money in it so you can buy shares. This is possible if you move money from your bank account to your CSCS account. Put money into the account and get a trade number, which will be your ID on the Nigerian stock exchange.

4. Analyze the Nigerian stock exchange

Before you buy shares in Nigeria, keep an eye on the stocks you want to buy so you can make the best choice. First, you need to know a lot about the stock market.

You should start with a small amount of money and not buy many stocks at first so you can learn. You can also buy and sell shares in Nigeria without taking any risk if you have a demo account.

Invest in Nigerian stocks only if you have looked into the country’s growth and trust the companies it works with. You should also avoid manipulation, camouflage, mental distortion, and giving out wrong information on the Internet.

5. Choose the type of request.

When you buy shares in Nigeria, you will see both the asking and bid prices. But first, you must choose which one you want to use.

The asking price is the price at which sellers are willing to sell their stock shares. The bid price is the price at which people who want to buy a share are eager to do so. The difference between them is called the “spread.”

6. Put in a buy order with your broker

Once you have money in your CSCS account, you can place a buy order for the shares you want to buy. Your stockbroker will help you place the order and ensure the deal goes through smoothly.

Remember that investing in the stock market comes with risks, so do your research and only invest money you can afford to lose. Before making any investment decisions, you should also talk to a financial advisor.

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Factors to Consider When Investing in the Nigerian Stock Market

Before making your first investment in the Nigerian stock market, you should consider many important things. Here are some things to keep in mind:

Performance and finances of the company

Before investing in a company, it is essential to look into its finances and past performance. Look at how much money the company makes, how much it spends, and how it compares to other companies in the same industry.

What’s going on in the market

Keep an eye on the stock market as a whole to find out what’s going on with the economy. Investing may be a good idea if the market is doing well. On the other hand, if the market is bad, you might want to wait until things get better.

Economic conditions in Nigeria

Pay attention to the Nigerian economy and look for news about government policies and plans that could affect the stock market. For instance, if the government comes up with new rules that help specific industries, this could be good for those companies and their stock prices.

Government stability

Stability in government can have a significant effect on the stock market. Look for news about elections, political unrest, and changes in government leadership. These things can cause uncertainty and cause stock prices to change.

Remember that investing in the stock market is not a surefire way to make money, and there is always risk involved. You should only invest money you can afford to lose, and before you invest, you should make sure you understand the risks.

By thinking about these things and doing your research, you can make better investment decisions and profit from the Nigerian stock market.

Risks Involved in Stock Market Investment in Nigeria

Investing in the stock market in Nigeria can be a great way to make your money grow over time, but it is essential to know that there are risks involved. Here are some dangers you should know about:

Market volatility: The stock market can be hard to predict, and prices can change quickly. This can make it hard to know when to buy and sell stocks, and you could lose money if you make a bad investment choice.

Performance of the company: How well a company does can significantly affect the value of your stock. If the company does not do well, its stock price may go down, costing you money.

Economic conditions: The health of the Nigerian economy as a whole can have an effect on the stock market. For instance, if the economy is doing well, the stock market may be strong, but if the economy is struggling, the stock market may be weaker.

Stability in politics: Instability in politics can make the stock market uncertain, which can cause stock prices to change. Knowing what is happening in the world and how politics change is essential.

It is important to remember that investing in the stock market involves risk, and you could lose money. So before you invest any money, it is vital to get advice from a trusted financial advisor and only invest money you can afford to lose.

By knowing the risks of investing in the stock market in Nigeria, you’ll be better able to make smart decisions about your investments. This could help you minimize your risks and increase your chances of success.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQS) About Shares in Nigeria

How do I purchase stocks in Nigeria?

Follow these steps if you want to buy shares in Nigeria:

Start a trading account: You can buy and sell stocks through this special account. To open this account, you will need to give some personal information and go through a verification process.

Make a deposit: You’ll need to add money to your account before you can start buying shares. Often, you can use a bank transfer or credit card payment to do this.

Pick your shares: Once you have money in your account, you can start learning about different companies and deciding which stocks you want to buy. Make sure you know what each company does and look for information about its financial performance and stock price history.

How to place an order: Once you have decided which stocks you want to buy, you can place an order through your brokerage account. Before you finish your order, make sure you understand all of the fees and charges.

Keep an eye on your money: it is vital to keep an eye on how your stocks are doing after you’ve bought them. Consider selling them if they are not doing well or buying more if they are performing well.

How much money do you need to buy your first shares?

Depending on the stock and the brokerage firm you use, the amount of money you need to start buying shares can vary. Some brokerages have a minimum investment amount, ranging from a few tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of naira (₦10,000 – ₦100,000). You should only invest money that you can afford to lose, and you should look into the fees and costs of buying shares through the brokerage firm you choose. You should also talk to a trusted financial advisor for advice.

Where can I buy shares online in Nigeria?

A securities brokerage firm in Nigeria lets people buy shares online. Some of Nigeria’s most popular online brokerages are:

  • Stanbic IBTC Stockbrokers Ltd
  • ARM Securities is a company
  • Meristem Securities Limited
  • Renaissance Capital
  • Afrinvest Securities Limited

Before choosing a brokerage firm, you should look into their fees and charges, the stocks they offer, and their reputation. You should also talk to a trusted financial advisor about how to choose the best investment for your needs.

How do I know which shares to buy in Nigeria?

You’ll need to do some research to figure out which stocks to buy. Find out how well a company is doing financially, how its industry and market are doing, and how the Nigerian economy is generally doing. You should also talk to a trusted financial advisor for advice.

How dangerous is it to put money into the Nigerian stock market?

Some of the risks of investing in the Nigerian stock market are market volatility, changes in how well companies do, changes in the Nigerian economy as a whole, and political instability. Before investing, ensure you understand these risks and only invest money you can afford to lose.

Can I lose money when investing in the Nigerian stock market?

Yes, it is possible to lose money if you put your money in the Nigerian stock market. Therefore, before investing, it is crucial to get advice from a trusted financial advisor and only invest money that you can afford to lose.


Investing in the Nigerian stock market can be a great way to make money grow, but you should be aware of the risks. If you do your research and think about things like a company’s performance, market trends, and the state of the economy, you’ll be able to make better investment decisions.

Remember that investing in the stock market is not risk-free and that you could lose money. Therefore, before you invest any money, you must get advice from a trusted financial advisor and only invest money you can afford to lose.

If you take the time to learn about the Nigerian stock market and how you can invest, you’ll be well on making intelligent and profitable investments. Best of luck!